Distinguishing Taxonomy from Lexicon

Words are everything.

Praying Mantis



Kingdom – Animal
Phylum – Arthropoda
Class – Insecta
Order – Dictyoptera
Family – Mantidae
Genus – Stagomantis
Species – carolina

     What is a Praying Mantis?


tax‧on‧o‧my  /tækˈsɒnəmi/ Pronunciation KeyShow Spelled Pronunciation[tak-sonuh-mee] Pronunciation KeyShow IPA Pronunciation


1.the science or technique of classification.

2.Biology. the science dealing with the description, identification, naming, and classification of organisms.

lex‧i‧con  /ˈlɛksɪˌkɒn, -kən/ Pronunciation KeyShow Spelled Pronunciation[lek-si-kon, -kuhn] Pronunciation KeyShow IPA Pronunciation

–noun, plural lex‧i‧ca /ˈlɛkkə/ Pronunciation KeyShow Spelled Pronunciation[lek-si-kuh] Pronunciation KeyShow IPA Pronunciation, lex‧i‧cons.

1.a wordbook or dictionary, esp. of Greek, Latin, or Hebrew.

2.the vocabulary of a particular language, field, social class, person, etc.

3.inventory or record: unparalleled in the lexicon of human relations.


a.the total inventory of morphemes in a given language.

b.the inventory of base morphemes plus their combinations with derivational morphemes.

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